What common malformations are associated with congenital spinal anomalies

• Vertebral abnormalities at another level. For example, cervical vertebral anomalies are detected in 25% of people with congenital scoliosis or kyphosis.

• Urinary tract structural abnormalities. Up to 37% of people with congenital vertebral anomalies have urinary tract anomalies, such as renal agenesis, duplication, ectopia, fusion, ureteral anomalies, and reflux.

• Intraspinal abnormalities. Up to 38% of people with congenital vertebral anomalies have intraspinal abnormalities detectable by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), including tethered cord, diastematomyelia, diplomyelia, and syringomyelia.

• Other associated anomalies. Cranial nerve palsy (11 %), upper extremity hypoplasia (10%), clubfoot (9%), dislocated hip (8%), congenital cardiac disease (7%).

How To Win Your War Against Back Pain

How To Win Your War Against Back Pain

Knowing the causes of back pain is winning half the battle against it. The 127-page eBook, How To Win Your War Against Back Pain, explains the various causes of back pain in a simple manner and teaches you the various treatment options available. The book is a great pain reliever in itself. The sensible, practical tips that it presents will surely help you bid good-bye to back pain forever.

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment