The use of drugs to improve athletic performance is strictly prohibited in sports, mainly on the grounds of fair play and health. From an ethical and moral standpoint doping contravenes the fundamental principles of Olympism, sports as well as medical ethics and is thus forbidden. Furthermore, recommending, proposing, authorizing, condoning or facilitating the use of any substance or method covered by the definition of doping or trafficking therein is also forbidden.
The International Olympic Committee (IOC) has considered the philosophy of control and the types of drugs to be classified as doping agents, and has established suitable methods for testing. These are included in the Olympic Movement Anti-Doping Code and may be changed by the IOC Executive Board. Legally licensed athletes are bound by the regulations of their international federations. The regulations of the different federations vary in the details of their sanctions and restricted drugs. The IOC list of banned substances and methods consists of stimulants, narcotics, anabolic agents, diuretics and peptide hormones, masking agents, blood doping and manipulations (Table 2.5.4).
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