• Anterior shoulder instability is defined as symptomatic anterior translation of the humerus, most commonly reproduced with the arm in an abducted, externally rotated position.
• Anterior instability is often the sequela of a traumatic gleno-humeral dislocation or subluxation episode.
• Patients present with a history of one or several dislocation episodes. On examination, patients may have a limited range of motion, especially external rotation with humeral abduction due to apprehension or a feeling that their shoulder is "coming out of joint."
• Age is the primary determinant of instability. The younger the athlete is at the time of his or her first dislocation episode, the greater is the risk of developing recurrent instability.
• In some cases, surgery after a single dislocation is selected by the athlete in order to decrease the risk of recurrent dislocation and subsequent time lost from sport.
• Surgical options to address recurrent anterior instability include traditional open and newer arthroscopic techniques. Higher recurrence rates have been reported with arthro-scopic repairs, but more recent reports have demonstrated comparable results between open and arthroscopic techniques for anterior instability.
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Everything you wanted to know about. How To Cure Tennis Elbow. Are you an athlete who suffers from tennis elbow? Contrary to popular opinion, most people who suffer from tennis elbow do not even play tennis. They get this condition, which is a torn tendon in the elbow, from the strain of using the same motions with the arm, repeatedly. If you have tennis elbow, you understand how the pain can disrupt your day.