1. Sher JS, Uribe JW, Posada A, et al: Abnormal findings on magnetic resonance images of asymptomatic shoulders. J Bone Joint Surg Am 1995;77:10-15.
2. Miniaci A, Mascia AT, Salonen DC, Becker EJ: Magnetic resonance imaging of the shoulder in asymptomatic professional baseball pitchers. Am J Sports Med 2002;30:66-73.
3. Traughber PD, Goodwin TE: Shoulder MRI: Arthroscopic correlation with emphasis on partial tears. J Comput Assist Tomogr 1992;16:129-133.
4. King JW Brelsford HJ, Tullos HS: Analysis of the pitching arm of the professional baseball pitcher. Clin Orthop 1969;67:116-123.
5. Krishnan SG, Hawkins RJ, Bokor DJ: Clinical evaluation of shoulder problems. In Rockwood CA, Matsen FA (eds): The Shoulder, 3rd ed. Philadelphia, Elsevier, 2004.
6. Hawkins RJ: Musculoskeletal Examination: An Organized Approach to Musculoskeletal Examination and History Taking. Boston, Mosby-Year Book, 1995.
tions should be closely examined for overtightening, especially limiting external rotation, as these patients can present with such selective stiffness.
Was this article helpful?
Since World War II, there has been a tremendous change in the makeup and direction of kid baseball, as it is called. Adults, showing an unprecedented interest in the activity, have initiated and developed programs in thousands of towns across the United States programs that providebr wholesome recreation for millions of youngsters and are often a source of pride and joy to the community in which they exist.