Suggested Readings

Abrams J: Special shoulder problems in the throwing athlete: Pathology, diagnosis, and nonoperative management. Clin Sports Med 1991; 10: 839-861.

Burkhart SS, Morgan CD, Kibler WB: The disabled throwing shoulder: Spectrum of pathology. Part 1: Pathoanatomy and biomechanics. Arthroscopy 2003;19:404-420.

Burkhart SS, Morgan CD, Kibler WB: The disabled throwing shoulder: Spectrum of pathology. Part 3: The SICK scapula, scapular dyskinesis, the kinetic chain, and rehabilitation. Arthroscopy 2003;19:641-661.

Crockett HC, Gross LB, Wilk KE, et al: Osseous adaptation and range of motion at the glenohumeral joint in professional baseball pitchers. Am J Sports Med 2002;30:20-26.

Hawley JA, Williams MM: Relationship between upper body anaerobic power and freestyle swimming. Int J Sports Med 1991;12:1-5.

Kibler WB, Chandler TJ: Sport-specific conditioning. Am J Sports Med 1994;22:424-432.

Lyman S, Fleisig GS, Andrews JR, et al: Effect of pitch type, pitch count, and pitching mechanics on risk of elbow and shoulder pain in youth baseball pitchers. Am J Sports Med 2002;30:463-468.

Mair SD, Uhl TL, Robbe RG, Brindle KA: Physeal changes and range-of-motion differences in the dominant shoulders of skeletally immature baseball players. J Shoulder Elbow Surg 2004;13:487-491.

Micheli LJ: The Sports Medicine Bible: Prevent, Detect, and Treat Your Sports Injuries through the Latest Medical Techniques. New York, Harper Collins, 1995.

Osbahr DC, Cannon DL, Speer KP: Retroversion of the humerus in the throwing shoulder of college baseball pitchers. Am J Sports Med 2002;30:347-353.

Reagan KM, Meister K, Horodyski MB, et al: Humeral retroversion and its relationship to glenohumeral rotation in the shoulder of college baseball players. Am J Sports Med 2002;30:354-360.

Richardson AB, Jobe FW Collins HR: The shoulder in competitive swimming. Am J Sports Med 1980;8:159-163.

Ross JG, Gilbert GG: The National Children and Youth Fitness Study: A summary of findings. J Phys Ed, Recreation, and Dance 1985;56:45-50.

Scovazzo ML, Browne A, Pink M, et al: The painful shoulder during freestyle swimming. An electromyographic cinematographic analysis of twelve muscles. Am J Sports Med 1991;19:577-582.

Stanitski CL: Overuse injuries in the skeletally immature athlete. In DeLee JC, Drez D (eds): Orthopaedic Sports Medicine. Philadelphia, WB Saunders, 2003, pp 703-712.

Wadsworth DJ, Bullock-Saxton JE: Recruitment patterns of the scapular rotator muscles in freestyle swimmers with subacromial impingement. Int J Sports Med 1997;18:618-624.

CHAPTER 22

Superior Labrum Anterior to Posterior Lesions

Walter R. Lowe and David R. Anderson

Baseball For Boys

Baseball For Boys

Since World War II, there has been a tremendous change in the makeup and direction of kid baseball, as it is called. Adults, showing an unprecedented interest in the activity, have initiated and developed programs in thousands of towns across the United States programs that providebr wholesome recreation for millions of youngsters and are often a source of pride and joy to the community in which they exist.

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