Performance testing for functional foot and ankle instability includes the modified Romberg test, a single leg hop test, and proficiency with single leg balance activities on a disk or wobble board.10 During the modified Romberg test, the athlete assumes a single leg stance with the affected lower extremity with the other leg flexed at the knee (Fig. 72-10). The arms are crossed over the chest. The patient focuses their eyes straight ahead. Balance and stability are assessed with the eyes open and then
closed. Patients with good functional foot and ankle stability should be able to stand for 30 seconds without falling out of position. By having the patient perform this task barefoot, dynamic foot and ankle stability can be assessed concurrently. This test may also be performed on a wobble board or soft disk.
The single leg hop is a modification of the Romberg test that evaluates strength, balance, and level of pain at the affected foot and ankle. During this test, the patient is asked to rise up on the forefoot of the same weight-bearing lower extremity and perform five single leg-hopping maneuvers onto the forefoot in succession (Fig. 72-11). The arms are outstretched to assist with balance. Pain, weakness, or poor balance may all contribute to impaired performance during this test.
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Everything you wanted to know about. How To Cure Tennis Elbow. Are you an athlete who suffers from tennis elbow? Contrary to popular opinion, most people who suffer from tennis elbow do not even play tennis. They get this condition, which is a torn tendon in the elbow, from the strain of using the same motions with the arm, repeatedly. If you have tennis elbow, you understand how the pain can disrupt your day.