Useful Books

Ada L, Canning C. (1990) Key Issues in Neurological Physiotherapy. London Heinemann Medical. Bear M, Connors B, Paradiso M. (2007) Neuroscience Exploring the Brain. 3rd edn. London Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Bobath B. (1978) Adult Hemiplegia Evaluation and Treatment. London Heinemann Medical Books Ltd. Bobath B. (1986) Abnormal Postural Reflex Activity Caused by Brain Lesions. London Heinemann Medical Books Ltd. Boehme R. (1995) Improving Upper Body Control. San Antonio The Psychological...

Acute stroke units hyperacute care

Once patients are admitted to specialist stroke units, occupational therapists should be involved in screening all patients (ISWP, 2008). It is argued that for the same reason for screening in NVCs, occupational therapist should also screen TIAs who are admitted to acute stroke units (ASU). Hence, although guidelines state that occupational therapy assessment should occur within 4 days of admission (ISWP, 2008), a method of screening to prioritise and fast track high functioning patients who...

Executive dysfunction

The executive system comprises those high-level cognitive processes which combine to set goals and to make choices in novel situations (Grieve and Gnanasekaran, 2008). It refers to the processes by which we plan, organise, initiate, monitor and adjust our thinking and behaviour (Kay, 1986). Ylvisaker and Szekeres (1989) identified component functions of the executive system Realistic goal setting - having insight and awareness of what is achievable according to own skills and external...

References

Ada L, Foongchomcheay A, Cannin C. (2005) Supportive devices for preventing and treating subluxation of the shoulder after stroke review . Cochrane Collaboration, Issue 1. Adams HP, Bendixen BH, Kappelle LJ, Biller J, Love BB, Gordon DL, Marsh EE III. (1993) Classification of subtype of acute ischaemic stroke. Definitions for use in a multicentre clinical trial. TOAST. Trial of Org 10172 in acute stroke treatment. Stroke, 24(1) 35-41. Adamson J, Beswick A, Ebrahim S. (2004) Is stroke the most...

Leisure rehabilitation

It is known that participation in leisure decreases after stroke, even for patients with a good physical recovery (Drummond, 1990). The significance of this reduction lies in the fact that satisfactory leisure is related to life satisfaction. Consequently, such a decrease in leisure activity may reflect a decrease in quality of life. There is a growing feeling that there is not enough help for patients who have had a stroke and who wish to resume former hobbies or acquire new interests. Murray...

Functional anatomy

Washing Machine Drain Pump

Information regarding sound is conveyed from the inner ear via cranial nerve VIII to the cochlear nuclei in the medulla. Information then decussates to ascend contralaterally to the inferior colliculus (for reflexive head movements in response to sound) and onto the medial geniculate nucleus in the thalamus before it projects to the primary auditory cortex in the temporal lobe (Figure 6.7). Patients with lesions to this pathway may have sensorineural Motor output to spinal cord through the...

Methods of recording occupational therapy intervention

Occupational therapy case notes can take many forms across a variety of clinical settings. They can either be unidisciplinary or multidisciplinary. Three of the most commonly used are problem-orientated medical records, goal-directed notes and integrated care pathways. Problem-orientated medical records (POMR) These notes consist of four sections - database, problem list, progress notes (SOAPIER -Subjective, Objective, Analysis, Plan, Intervention, Evaluation and Revision) and discharge...