Meningitis as a cause of stroke

Meningitis denotes the inflammation of the leptome-ninges, which consist of the pia mater and arachnoid mater. These layers ensheath the spinal cord and brain and confine the subarachnoidal space, which contains cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Infection of the meninges by bacteria or fungi leads to an inflammatory response which causes the typical clinical symptoms, headache and nuchal rigidity. Depending on the time course, meningitis can be classified as acute or chronic. Acute bacterial...

Psychotic disorders hallucinations and delusions

Psychotic disorders due to stroke are rare. They are classified according to the predominant symptom, with prominent hallucinations or with delusions. Delusions are of two main types delusional misiden-tification syndromes and delusional ideation. This can be observed in patients with Wernicke's aphasia and severe comprehension defect. Kumral and Ozturk 35 found that delusions started 0-3 days after stroke, and the predominant types were mixed, perse-cutory, jealousy and suspicion. Delusional...