Turf toe strap

First metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint sprain. To stabilize and support the big toe in sprain of the MTP joint. Tape adherent, 2.5-cm porous athletic tape, 5-cm light elastic tape. The athlete should be sitting with the foot in a relaxed position over a table. 2. With the foot and big toe in a neutral position, apply anchor strips to the big toe and midfoot (Fig. 5.1). 3. Apply four to six precut 2.5-cm strips (approximately 15-20 cm long) starting at the big toe and pulling down towards the...

Acute ankle sprain field wrap

Immediate cohesive wrap for acute ankle sprain. To compress the injured soft tissue, help stop bleeding and contain swelling. Seated with the leg supported and the foot in neutral position. 1. Starting on the dorsum of the foot, encircle the foot once by taking the wrap down the medial side, under the arch and up the lateral side. Before encircling the foot a second time, fold down a corner of the first turn so that it will be locked in place on the second turn (Fig. 6.1). 2. Continue the wrap...

Medial tibial stress syndrome MTSS and antipronation taping

This technique is used for symptomatic relief during rehabilitation or sporting activity, alone or in combination with other antipronation measures such as low dye taping, antipronation insoles and muscle retraining. The aim is to reduce the symptoms and pronation. 5-cm Mefix Hypafix, 4-cm zinc oxide tape, elastic adhesive bandage. Standing or sitting with the foot on a slightly raised surface, the ankle in plantarflexion and the leg muscles relaxed. 1. The Mefix is applied without tension to...

Proprioceptive taping

Two studies attempted to assess the effect of tape on proprioception and performance in the shoulder. The ability to reposition the scapula during active shoulder flexion and abduction was studied by Zanella et al (2001) with and without a scapular tape. The scapular tape was not found to increase the ability to reposition the scapula in normal subjects or subjects with a 'winging' scapula. In another study, a scapular tape retracting both scapulae was applied in an attempt to improve scapular...

Inhibitory upper trapezius tape

Tape applied firmly across the fibres of a muscle has been proposed to decrease the activity of a muscle (Morrissey 2000). A number of studies have tested this hypothesis, mainly by applying rigid tape firmly, perpendicular to the direction of the muscle fibres over the upper trapezius (Fig. 4.1) and the vastus lateralis muscles (See Fig. 4.2) (Cools et al 2002, Janwantankul & Gaogasigam 2005, Morin et al 1997, Selkowitz et al 2007, Tobin & Robinson 2000). A study using an isometric...

Acute ankle sprain open basketweave

Acute ankle sprain - inversion eversion. Provide a more rigid support to a recently sprained ankle. Adhesive spray, underwrap, foam padding, 3.75-cm tape. Sitting with the foot and ankle over the edge of the plinth in neutral position. 1. Spray area - apply a single layer of underwrap, spray foam pads, allow to get tacky, then apply around the medial and lateral malleoli. 2. Apply a half anchor to the leg about 10 cm above the malleoli and another around the foot posterior to the metatarsal...

Functional instability

Medical Tape Gluteus Medius

Freeman et al (1965) seem to be among the first to describe functional instability as 'a term . . . to designate the disability to which the patients refer when they say that their foot tends to give way'. Although once of secondary importance to mechanical problems, there is now more interest in the concept of functional instability of the ankle and the role of taping and bracing to alleviate it. As a result, for many years authors have investigated the role of taping and bracing on the...