Surgical complications

The gold standard for treatment of all primary tumors is unilateral radical inguinal orchiectomy * Corresponding author. E-mail address sam.chang vanderbilt.edu (S.S. Chang). with high ligation of the spermatic cord 10 . Inguinal orchiectomy provides not only histopatho-logic and staging information but also local control of the neoplasm and, potentially, a complete cure for patients with testis-confined disease. Although morbidity is limited, the most frequent complication from inguinal...