Surgery after systemic chemotherapy for advanced testicular cancer has maintained its role in staging and therapeutic management. The clinical outcome is strongly influenced by patient selection and extent of extirpative surgery. Although extensive predictive modeling has attempted to define appropriate post-chemotherapy surgical candidates based on various clinical and pathologic parameters, the accuracy of these models remains controversial. Complete removal of all post-chemotherapy residual masses in NSGCT remains the standard of care and allows for improved prognostication of the long-term oncologic and functional outcome.

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