Nutrition and Health Directory

Chicago, IL 60606-6995 312-899-0040 Consumer Nutrition Hotline Tel 1-800-366-1655 www.eatright.org 1599 Clifton Rd. NE Atlanta, GA 30329 Tel 1-800-227-2345 www.cancer.org American Institute for Cancer Research (AICR) 1759 R St. NW Washington, DC 20009 Tel 1-800-843-8114 www.aicr.org Arthritis Foundation Information Line (AFIL) P.O. Box 7669 Atlanta, GA 30357-0669 www.arthritis .org Indianapolis, IN 46206-1440 Tel 317-637-9200 www.acsm.org National Eating Dis rders...

Reducing Your Risk of Colon Cancer

Can a diet rich in fiber actually lower your chance of developing colon cancer Several studies say yes, and it makes perfect sense. Think about it. Insoluble fiber helps move waste material through your intestines more quickly. Therefore, there is less time for suspicious substances to lurk around and possibly damage your colon and rectal area. In addition, fiber may bind with possibly harmful bacteria, transporting it through the intestines and out of your body. While we're down there, it's a...

Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Although not completely understood, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) seems to be more common these days than the sniffles. With symptoms ranging from excessive gas, cramping, bloating, and intermittent bouts of constipation and diarrhea, IBS (also called a spastic colon) usually has nothing to do with food allergies or intolerances. It's more likely a functional problem with the muscular movement of your intestines. In fact, it's generally diagnosed when the serious gastrointestinal ailments are...

The uUh0h Better Get Drano Feeling

Most pregnant women experience the constipation blues at one time or another during the nine-month haul. Why does food tend to stop dead in its tracks before reaching its final destination anyway Unfortunately, there are a bunch of explanations The increased pressure on your intestinal tract as your baby grows All of the extra iron in your prenatal supplements Not enough fiber in your diet acid can drastically reduce the risk for babies developing neural tube defects such as spina bifida. So...

Diagnosing Diabetes Is Easy

In fact, it's one of the simplest disorders to diagnose. A simple finger prick yields a couple of drops of blood that are analyzed for the presence of sugar. In nonpregnant adults, the criteria for diagnosis is as follows a blood-sugar level of greater than 200 mg dl, a fasting blood-sugar level of greater than 126 mg dl, or a two-hour blood-sugar level of greater than 200 mg dl during an oral glucose tolerance test. All pregnant women should be tested for GDM between 24 and 28 weeks of...

Can You Prevent Diabetes

So far, despite a number of research studies now underway, there are no definitive answers on how to prevent Type 1 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is another story. You can reduce many of the risk factors that increase your chances for developing the condition. Poor lifestyle habits such as a bad diet and lack of exercise can increase your chances for getting diabetes. Other nonnutrition related risk factors for Type 2 diabetes include being over the age of 45, having a parent or sibling with the...

Eating Smart When You Have Diabetes

If you're diagnosed with diabetes, you should definitely seek the nutritional advice of a registered dietitian, preferably one who is certified as a diabetes educator (credentials will read R.D., C.D.E.). The goal of nutrition therapy is to restore and maintain blood glucose levels to as near normal as possible. This means balancing your food with insulin and activity levels. What's more, you'll want to maintain appropriate cholesterol and trigylceride levels, consume the right number of...

Type 1 Diabetes

Typically diagnosed in childhood and with most cases occurring before the age of 30, this is the end result of an autoimmune attack. Special kind of cells in the pancreas called beta cells are destroyed, and this means the individual can no longer produce insulin and must rely on medication (insulin) to survive. While less common (just 10 percent of all diabetics in the United States have either Type 1, gestational diabetes, or secondary diabetes), Type 1 diabetes is also the most serious....

Type 2 Diabetes

Ninety percent of Americans with diabetes have this type, which is generally less serious than Type 1. Patients may not make enough insulin, or they may be resistant to the insulin that they do produce. In individuals with Type 2 diabetes, the insulin that should be produced after a meal can be decreased by as much as 50 percent. People with Type 2 usually don't have to take insulin right after diagnosis, and they may never need to. Doctors generally first prescribe a change in diet and an...

Should We Worry About Selenium Deficiency

You probably don't need to worry about selenium deficiency, if you eat well and or take a multi-vitamin mineral. However, Keshan disease, a disease that can cause poor heart function, has been observed in low-selenium areas of China, where dietary intake is less than 19 mcg per day for men and less than 13 mcg per day for women. This intake is significantly lower than the current RDA for selenium. Also, selenium deficiency may affect thyroid function because selenium is essential for the...

Anorexia Nervosa The Relentless Pursuit of Thinness

Anorexia nervosa is a complex psychological disorder that literally involves self-starvation. People who suffer from this illness eat next to nothing, refuse to maintain a healthy body weight for their corresponding height, and frequently claim to feel fat even though they are obviously emaciated. Because anorexics are severely malnourished, they often experience symptoms of starvation brittle nails and hair dry skin extreme sensitivity to the cold anemia (low iron) lanugo (fine hair growth on...

Learn Your Muscles and Buff That

This section provides a quick rundown on the major muscles that conscientious gym folks tend to work out. Of course, your body is action-packed with hundreds more. Browse through the list, and become familiar with your muscles and the exercises that work them out. Be sure to ask a qualified trainer to personally show you the correct form and technique for each and every exercise. Do I really need to buy all of the belts, wraps, and straps associated with weight training No. In fact, the only...

Day in the Life of an Antioxidant

We've all heard the news Antioxidants reduce your risk for heart disease and certain cancers and boost your immune system. So what exactly are antioxidants and how do they work As you know, every cell in your body needs oxygen to function normally. Unfortunately, the utilization of this oxygen produces harmful by-products called free radicals. Free radicals are also created from environmental pollution, certain industrial chemicals, and smoking. Outside the body, the process of oxidation is...

Valerian Root Valeriana Officinalis

Use Three decades of extensive research have shown that valerian root is like a minor tranquilizer. It is known as a sleeping aid, and it might be useful for insomnia, mild anxiety and restlessness, lowering blood pressure, and reducing symptoms of menstruation and menopause. To date, it has not been proven to be habit-forming. Dosage Tea, tincture, or an extract it can also be added to bath water for external application. Relatively large amounts are required for effectiveness, typically about...

Bio Electrical Impedance

Getting zapped requires you to lie on your back with one electrode attached to your hand and another to your foot. A signal is then sent from one electrode to the other. The faster the signal travels, the more muscle you have. On the other hand, the slower the signal moves, the more fat you have because fat impedes or blocks the signal. How Many Calories Should You Eat for Weight Loss and Weight Maintenance Counting the calories in each morsel of food that you eat is not the way to go. But you...