Optimal immediate postoperative management involves appropriate analgesia and nursing. Sound nursing measures also have a profound impact on reducing the level of postoperative discomfort and pain. Giving the animal attention at regular intervals helps reduce the distress associated with pain and the unfamiliar environment, otherwise a cycle of pain/distress/sleeplessness can develop.
The provision of a comfortable bed in a warm, but not too hot, environment is beneficial. Food and water should be offered as early as possible in the postoperative period. Pain and inflammation increase the basic metabolic rate and a high level of nutrition is required to promote healing. Offering food as early as possible not only speeds recovery but can also have a soothing effect.
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